How risky of mountain biking is it really | Safety rules for beginners 

Dangerous of Mountain Biking

When I got my first mountain bike, I was so excited. My dad brought the mountain bike at night. I can remember I didn’t sleep that night for over-excitement. Early morning I went riding. It was an amazing experience I have ever had. 

“Mountain biking is dangerous, but with careful precautions and common sense it can be a very safe activity.”

Though mountain biking is a popular recreational activity, anyone can enjoy it. But, mountain biking can also be dangerous if not ridden safely. This article will provide a clear guideline for beginner mountain bikers who want to ensure their safe and enjoyable experience.

 Risk factors that make mountain biking more dangerous

 Some of the risk factors that make mountain biking more dangerous. Just like

  • riding without a helmet,
  • not following traffic laws,
  • not wearing proper safety clothing or flashing lights to call attention to yourself, and
  • not having a good sense of orientation.

These factors can lead to severe injuries or even death if not avoided.

The following risk factors that make mountain biking more dangerous include: 

Riding Errors 

Riding errors are the most common cause of mountain biking injury. Mechanical, cognitive, and physiological can be divided into three groups. Mechanical errors are the result of improper bike fit or setup. Cognitive errors are due to poor decision-making or lack of experience. Finally, physiological errors are caused by fatigue, dehydration, or heat stroke.


When mountain biking, it’s essential to keep your eyes on the trail ahead and focus on riding safely. If you lose focus while riding, you may not be able to react quickly enough when something goes wrong. Overestimating your ability to bike safely also leads to accidents. Always take necessary precautions and stay safe while mountain biking!

Upper Body Strength

Inexperienced mountain bikers in mountainous regions are often susceptible to fatal accidents due to a lack of upper body power. When mountain biking, the rider’s upper body is constantly in motion. These require strong muscles in the upper body to support the weight of the bike and rider. If riders lack these muscles, they are at an increased risk for injury while riding. Additionally, inexperienced riders fall off their bikes more frequently. Improper balance and movement on the bike is the main reason. 

Poor trail conditions

Poor trail conditions are a risk factor for injury in mountain biking. When trails are in poor condition, they can be hard to ride, uneven, and dangerous. These can lead to crashes, falls, and other injuries.

  How do people get hurt while mountain biking?

Mountain biking can be a very safe sport if done correctly. Yet, there are ways that people can injured while mountain biking. Here are five ways that people can get hurt while mountain biking:

 1. Other riders or objects can hit riders on the trail. 

2. Users can fall off their bikes and injure themselves.

 3. They can injure when riding down hills or off-road.

4. Getting caught in the chain.

5. Riders who neglect their wrists may have injuries like rotator cuff tears or fractures. Wear a wrist guard and keep your hands strong using wrist weights or pads.

  Common types of mountain biking injuries

Physically demanding activities involving riding a bike on trails can be dangerous if done incorrectly. Yet, according to the National Bicycle Dealers Association (NBDA), mountain biking is America’s most common outdoor sport, with over 10 million participants. Mountain biking can be a fun and challenging activity, but it’s also risky. 

 The NBDA reports that the most common injuries are shoulder, leg, and foot fractures. Other injuries include head and facial injuries, concussions, and spinal cord damage.

Many types of mountain biking injuries can occur, and it is crucial to know the symptoms so you can seek medical attention if necessary. Here are some of the most common: 

Skin abrasions 

Skin abrasions are caused by the friction between the skin and the bike’s components, such as gears or handlebars. They can occur on any part of the body but are most common on the arms and legs. Skin abrasions often cause minor pain and redness but occasionally become more severe and require medical attention.

Pain in the lower back area

Most commonly, mountain biking injuries involve the lower back area. Lower back pain is one of the most common complaints from mountain bikers. The leading cause of this pain is often a misalignment of the spine, which can be caused by improper riding technique or a structural issue with the bike. 

A recent study published in “Clinical Journal of Pain” analyzed data from a national survey and found that over 50% of mountain bikers surveyed reported experiencing pain in their lower back at some point during their riding career. The authors speculate that this increase may be due to the increased popularity of mountain biking and the increased difficulty and severity of trails. Therefore, cyclists should be aware of common trail conditions to prevent lower back pain and adjust their riding accordingly.

Knee pain

A recent study published in the Journal of Athletic Training found that mountain biking injuries are associated with a significant increase in knee pain. This study was conducted on a group of patients who had recently sustained a knee injury. It was found that those who had Mountain Biking as their primary form of exercise were three times more likely to experience knee pain than those who didn’t like a mountain bike. One possible explanation for this increased pain is that mountain biking can cause micro-trauma to the surrounding tissues, leading to chronic inflammation and pain.

When you ride your bike at high speeds for extended periods, the impact forces on your knees can be very high because the knees are subject to much force. This force is transmitted through the pedal stroke, which ultimately impacts the femur. The femur is the most prominent bone in the human body. These can lead to knee pain, which can aggravate by downhill riding. 

Carpal tunnel syndrome

The syndrome involves compression of the median nerve. These can lead to pain, numbness, and tingling in hand. Treatment typically involves stretching, massage, and medication to relieve symptoms. 

Broken collarbone

Collarbone fractures are a common mountain biking injury. They can occur when the bike crashes into the ground or another cyclist, causing the rider to fall off their bike. Broken collarbones can occur from various causes, including falls off of bikes or off cliffs, hitting rocks or other objects while riding, or being hit by another rider. 

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a broken collarbone is the most common type of mountain biking injury. 

The CDC reports that in 2016, there were an estimated 2,841 mountain biking injuries. Of these injuries, 1,764 were classified as broken collarbones. That means that a Broken Collarbone was the most common injury in 2016 and is likely to continue to be so in the future. 

Wrist fractures

Wrists can be susceptible to fractures if they are hit hard enough. At the same time, the bike is in motion because the wrist is positioned near the handlebars and the bike’s front wheel. Fractures of the radius and ulna, the two bones in the forearm, are most common when mountain biking. These fractures typically happen when cyclists fall off their bike, striking their arm against a rock or log.

Concussion or traumatic brain injury 

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are caused by a direct hit to the head, a fall, or other impacts to the head. They can be severe and lead to memory, thinking, and coordination problems. Mountain biking is a fun and physical activity, but it can also be dangerous if done improperly. When biking down hills, riders must stay in control at all times. In addition, it can avoid hitting obstacles or other riders. 

Concussions are particularly dangerous in mountain biking because they can often go undetected. A concussion occurs when the brain hits the inside of the skull hard enough to cause damage. Symptoms can include headaches, difficulty focusing, memory problems, and balance problems. In addition, a concussion may lead to a traumatic brain injury (TBI) if left untreated. A TBI is a severe condition that can cause permanent neurological damage.

These injuries can be severe and require hours of surgery and lots of rehabilitation.

Trail rash 

Trail rash is a skin irritation that can develop after mountain biking. The rash can occur on the legs, torso, or arms, often resembling a red, itchy rash. The cause of trail rash is unclear. However, it is likely due to the friction and pressure exerted on the skin while biking. In most cases, trail rash heals quickly without any interventions. However, in rare cases, the rash may become more severe and require treatment.


The most common injury among mountain bikers typically occurs when the rider falls or twists their ankle while riding. Treatment involves rest and ice application.

Broken Bone 

Bones can easily fracture in a fall while mountain biking, leading to serious injury. Fractures can require surgery and months or even years of rehabilitation.

  Mountain bike riding safety tips

Many statistics highlight the importance of mountain biking safety. For example, in 2013, there were an estimated 232 fatalities due to mountain biking accidents in the United States alone. Additionally, according to a study conducted by the Sports Injury Clinic at the University of Utah Hospital, mountain biking is one of the most common sports injuries treated in their clinic. To reduce your risk of becoming involved in an accident while riding a mountain bike, here are some safety tips: 

Always wear a helmet

Many hazards associated with mountain biking can be avoided by wearing a helmet. For example, wearing a helmet can help reduce the risk of head injuries during a crash. A helmet can prevent injuries to the head and face, including concussion, skull fractures, and loss of vision. In addition, helmets help protect riders from serious head injuries in an accident. Helmets are required by law in some states when mountain biking.

Stay in control

It’s important to remember safety tips when riding. Follow these guidelines to stay in control while mountain biking: 

1. Ride in a group or with an experienced mountain biker if possible. Riding solo can increase your chance of getting lost or injuring yourself.

2. Stay aware of your surroundings at all times. If you see danger ahead, brake quickly and take cover.

3. Protect your hands and feet by wearing gloves and boots. A fall from a great height can seriously injure or kill you, especially if you’re not wearing protective gear.

4. Always ride within your abilities – even if you’re an experienced rider, there’s always the potential for injury when mountain biking. If something feels unsafe, stop and check with someone else before continuing on the trail. 

5. Slow down and stay alert at all times. Don’t rely on your phone or other distractions to keep you safe; focus on what’s ahead of you and pay attention to your surroundings.

Wear the correct riding gear

Wear the correct riding gear. Ensure you wear the appropriate clothing and equipment to protect you from the elements and potential injuries. Stay aware of your surroundings, and be prepared to stop if necessary. Be careful when crossing roads, as they may not be able to see or hear you on a mountain bike. Use caution when descending steep hills, as your bike may not have enough traction to stay on the trail. Remember that bicycles are heavy and can easily cause damage if they fall off a cliff or into a river. Finally, always ride in groups when possible; this will help keep you safe should something happen unexpectedly.

Wear protective clothing

Please wear clothes that cover your entire body-When mountain biking, it is essential to wear clothes that cover your entire body. These will protect you from cuts and scrapes. Here are some suggestions-

Torso Armor

Wear protective clothing when working with torso armor. Torso armor can protect the wearer from blows to the torso, but care must be taken when wearing it. Work safely and carefully in conjunction with other protective equipment when using torso armor.

Neck brace

A neck brace can protect your neck from injuries in the event of a fall. A cervical collar, or neck brace, is a type of helmet that fits around the neck and helps to protect the spine in the event of a fall.

I wouldn’t advise wearing a neck brace if you are not planning to race at excessive speeds or jump exceptionally high.

Padded shorts

You are wearing padded shorts to protect your thighs and butt. Padded shorts also help keep the saddle from rubbing your skin raw. In addition, they protect your skin from scrapes and bruises and can help reduce the risk of serious injury if you fall.

Don’t cross your level

If you are a beginner, it is suggested that you ride within your skill level. It means that if you are a beginner, you should ride at a comfortable pace. If you are more experienced, then you can choose to ride at a faster pace. However, when riding at a fast pace, it is vital to ensure that you are riding safely and within your ability.

Your biking location determines how you will pedal your trip

When you are planning your biking trip, the location you choose will determine how you will pedal. For example, if you plan to cycle on a paved path, choosing a cycling location near a paved path will be easier than if you plan to cycle on trails off the beaten path. Choosing the right cycling location is essential because it can make your cycling experience more enjoyable.

If you’re a first-timer on a trail, take it easy! 

If someone is a first-timer on a trail, they are generally advised to take it easy. Trails can be very strenuous and dangerous for those who are not used to them. There are many challenges that first-timers might face, such as finding the right path, using the proper handholds, and avoiding potential obstacles. It is essential to take things slow and pay attention to what is happening around you to avoid accidents. Here is some advice:

1. Know your limitations and respect them. First-timers should always be biking with someone experienced on the trail in an emergency. If you’re not confident in your abilities, find experienced biking to show you the ropes before starting. 

2. Biking with a buddy or group of people. This will help keep you safe and encourage safer biking habits. If you’re feeling overwhelmed or lost, don’t be afraid to ask for help from other hikers or park rangers who patrols the trails regularly. 

3. Be patient. Getting comfortable riding a mountain bike in the woods can take some time. So be patient and give yourself time to learn the ropes. And remember: always ride within your abilities! If you’re struggling with something, stop and ask someone else for help.

Be cautious when turning into a blind corner – you may not see what’s coming

When turning your bike around a blind corner, it’s essential to know what’s coming. Be cautious and use your hand signals to let other drivers know you’re approaching a turn. If something is suddenly in your path, be prepared to brake quickly. 

Common sense isn’t all that common

When mountain biking, common sense should be used to stay safe. For example, if riders go down a steep hill, they should stay close to the bike and avoid sudden movements. Additionally, riders should always be aware of their surroundings and look for potential hazards before riding into them. If something feels unsafe or out of the ordinary, riders should stop and assess the situation.

  The 5 most essential pieces of mountain biking safety equipment

Mountain biking safety equipment is essential for any rider. It can help prevent severe injuries in the event of a fall and can keep you safe while you ride. So if you haven’t already, it’s time to get out there and look for the best mountain bike safety gear.

The following list contains some of the best mountain bike safety gear available. 


Bike gloves are required by law in some states for mountain biking. They provide better grip and protection when falling off your bike or other accidents. Gloves protect your hands from the elements, which can be harsh on a mountain bike ride. Gloves are often made of leather and synthetic materials, giving them a variety of textures and colors to choose from.


A good pair of bike shoes protect your feet from rocks, roots, and other obstacles on the trail. They will also wick moisture away from your feet and keep them cool in summer and cold in winter.


A helmet protects the head and face from injuries in falls, collisions, and other accidents. Helmets come in a variety of styles and designs to fit different needs. For example, some helmets have Visors that keep the sun out of your eyes, ear pads that protect your ears from loud noises, and face guards to protect your nose and mouth from impact. Some helmets also have unique features like Bluetooth speakers or cameras that help you record your rides.


Mountain biking pads protect the biker’s knees, hips, and elbows from injuries. They provide comfort and cushioning on uneven terrain and are washable and reusable. Mountain biking pads come in different sizes to fit different riders.

Glasses or Goggles 

Glasses or Goggles to Wear mountain Biking features include protective eyewear that shields your eyes from dirt, dust, and debris while you ride. The lenses are also treated with an anti-fog coating to help keep them clear in wet and cold weather. In addition, they come in various styles and colors to suit your look and preferences. Some customers also appreciate the adjustable frames that fit most head sizes.

  FAQ (Frequently Ask Question)

 Are mountain bikes safer than road bikes?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on several factors, such as the type of mountain bike being ridden and the terrain being ridden on. Generally speaking, mountain bikes are more agile and nimble than road bikes, which may make them safer on some terrain. However, mountain bikes are not immune to accidents, so it is always important to use caution when riding them.

Which is more dangerous mountain biking or road biking?

Mountain biking is more dangerous than road biking. Mountain biking involves more risk of injury, including falls, collisions with rocks or trees, and getting lost.

How much is mountain bike worth?

Mountain bikes are typically worth between a minimum price of $160 to a maximum price of $5,000. Therefore, the beginner should buy for under $300. 

How to avoid the risks of mountain biking?

There are a few things to consider when it comes to mountain biking risks:

  1. Make sure you have a good bike fit. This will help you avoid injuries and ensure that your bike is working properly.
  2. Be aware of the terrain you’re riding on. If you’re not familiar with the area, take the time to learn about the trails before hitting the dirt.
  3. Be safe and always wear a helmet!

Is a mountain bike good for travel?

Mountain biking is a great way to explore new areas and see beautiful scenery. However, it’s not always the most practical form of travel. For example, mountain biking through rough terrain can be challenging on your bike and damage it. Additionally, mountain biking can be dangerous if you’re not careful. There are cliffs and other obstacles that can easily injure or kill you.

Is mountain biking a good exercise?

Mountain biking is a great way to get exercise, but it’s not the only form of exercise that’s good for you. A variety of activities can be enjoyable and help you stay fit.

Is mountain biking good for weight loss?

The best way to lose weight via mountain biking will vary depending on your weight, fitness level, and riding style. However, mountain biking can generally be a great way to burn calories and improve your overall fitness. Additionally, mountain biking can also help you increase your strength and endurance, which can help you achieve better results regarding weight loss.

How to insurance a mountain bike?

There are a few ways to ensure your mountain bike. First, you can purchase insurance through a company that will cover you if you’re involved in an accident. Or, you can buy a policy that covers theft or damage. If you opt for the latter, make sure to get coverage for your bike’s value and actual value. And finally, make sure to register your bike with the local police department.

Is mountain biking terrible for the environment?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the environmental impacts of mountain biking will vary depending on the location and type of mountain bike ride. However, some key points to keep in mind when assessing the environmental impact of mountain biking include: 

 Mountain biking can be a fun and environmentally friendly activity if done responsibly.

Is any law on mountain bikes?

The laws governing mountain biking will vary depending on the location. However, some general tips that may apply to most mountain biking locations include obeying all traffic laws and signage, staying aware of your surroundings, and using the appropriate gear. But specific law is applicable for E- Mountain Bike.

Which is the most dangerous mountain bike trail in the world?

There are many dangerous mountain bike trails in the world. The most dangerous are in Italy, Spain, and Thailand.


In conclusion, mountain biking is a great sport that both beginners and experts can enjoy. Nevertheless, taking suitable safety precautions is essential to keep yourself safe. Always wear a helmet and ride in a group whenever possible. Mountain biking can be a great way to exercise and have fun. Nowadays, it has also become a popular activity for many children. With the increase in the popularity of mountain biking, parents need to educate their children about the inherent dangers of this activity. 

Lastly, I want to say, don’t risk your safety on a mountain bike- learn the basics before you ride.

Here’s a poem dedicated to bike lovers:

It’s scary, it’s mysterious,
But still, I love it and I can’t hide it.
I could never make it as a sheep,
So I climb the cliffs like a chicken.

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